Jaisalmer welcomes winged guests | Jaipur News

JAISALMER: With winter setting in, a host of migratory birds have started flocking to Jaisalmer district. Migratory birds from various countries are being sighted in many areas of the district like Lathi, Dholia, Khetolai and Ramdeora. These birds have come from mid Asia, Europe and Tibet flying across the Himalayas.
This time, a large number of vultures of rare species have also come to the desert district. Till now, seven species of vultures have been sighted, including the local species. Bird lovers and the locals are elated to see the birds. The forest department has increased patrolling for the security of these birds.
Migratory species of endangered vultures have also been sighted in many places in Jaisalmer, especially in Pokhran, Sam and Dholia.
Dr Divesh Kumar Saini, a birdwatcher from Pokhran said that every year, many species of vultures arrive from the Himalayan region. Vultures have many biological adaptations that make them well-suited to being scavengers. Most have excellent eyesight and a strong sense of smell. They use these keen senses to locate rotting carrion while they are soaring high over land. Unlike raptors, or birds that hunt, vultures have weak talons and beaks. Raptors use sharp talons and beaks to kill, while vultures do not need to overpower or secure their prey. Many vultures are also bald, meaning they have no feathers on their head. This prevents bits of carrion, which can carry toxic bacteria, from sticking to feathers and infecting the bird.
He said, the arrival of these migratory vultures is a good ecological sign. “They start arriving in India in the beginning of October. these migratory birds will stay here for winter,” he said.
Bird enthusiast Radheyshyam Pemani said these vultures have come here from mid Asia, Europe and Tibet across the Himalayas due to adverse weather conditions in those countries. Build vulture, kind vulture, white rumpad vulture, Himalayan gruffon vulture and Egyptian vulture come here, some of whom are in red list of IUCN. While Griffon vulture, Himalayan vulture and Sineriyus vulture are endangered. Their number is continuously declining.
According to research, due to excessive use of pesticides and diclofenac, the vultures’ species are in danger. Excessive use of pesticides in crops reach into domestic animals and by them eating dead cattle, the pesticides reach into the vultures. Pesticides cause damage to their reproductive health because of which vultures have reached to the endangered category.
Pemani said that the endangered species of vultures come to Lathi every year. Vultures are necessary for ecological balance. They keep the environment clean by eating dead animals.
Jagdish Bishnoi, regional forest officer, Lathi said that rare species of vultures that are arriving are camping in Lathi, Dholia, Bhadaria, and other nearby areas. He said that forest department personnel have been deployed and patrolling has been increased for the security of these birds.

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